One that has software embedded within the computer hardware, usually with a Read One Memory chip (ROM).
A computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system.
An integrated circuit that integrates all components of a computer or other electronic systems on a single computer chip.
An OS intended to serve real-time applications that process data as it comes in, typically without buffer delays.
Designed to have zero latency.
Examples in Use: Military & Space applications.
A system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals, or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
Watches, Exercise, Medical devices, etc.
Often communicates through bluetooth.
Security - Cameras, locks, lights, etc.
Communicates via Wi-Fi
ICS - Industrial Control Systems
Encompasses several types of control systems and associated instrumentation used for industrial process control.
SCADA - Supervisor Control and Data Acquisition
Used by Utilities and Manufacturing
Collects data from factories, plants, or other remote locations and forwards it to a central computer that manages or controls the system.
PLC - Programmable Logic Controllers
Single use computers used in manufacturing.
Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.
Many use computer networks or smart tech to regulate airflow and temp.
MFD - Multi-Function Devices- used for networked printing, scanning, and copying.
Generally little access control.
Aircraft / Unmanned Areal Vehicles (UAV)
Secure by design and default.
Security integrated into the tech.
Shielded from electromagnetic interference.
Network security - encryption via TLS.
In most cases, these cameras are connecting back to a central video recorder (DVR/NVR).
Often can communicate with the DVR/NVR via TCP/IP.
A lot of cameras are connected via PoE, so you can view what's on the camera if broken into the system.
IP Connected systems.